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How To Treat Heat Stroke?

How To Treat Heatstroke

Heatstroke can occur following prolonged heat exhaustion, which is caused by the body's response to excessive sweating and the loss of water and body salts. Heat exhaustion happens when the body's core temperature rises above 38 degrees Celsius. If this issue is not promptly treated, heatstroke can swiftly ensue.

Heatstroke is an extremely perilous condition, as it involves the failure of the brain's temperature control mechanism, known as the hypothalamus. Consequently, the person ceases to sweat, and their body loses the ability to cool down. Within a span of 10 to 15 minutes, the body's core temperature can rapidly rise to dangerously high levels, exceeding 40 degrees Celsius.

How To Treat Heatstroke

Knowing how to deal with heatstroke is crucial because it can suddenly manifest with little or no warning, potentially causing the affected person to lose consciousness within minutes. The primary priority is to rapidly cool them down and promptly transport them to the hospital.

Signs & Symptoms of Heatstroke?

The key things to look for in heatstroke as signs of the brain overheating are:

Throbbing headache

Nausea & vomiting

Restlessness, dizziness & confusion

Possibility of seizures

Flushed & dry skin (not sweating)

​Deterioration in response leading to unconsciousness

How To Treat Heatstroke: 

  1. Move them out of the sun into a cool place.

  2. Call 999 / 112 for an ambulance.

  3. Remove the outer layer of their clothing while maintaining their dignity.

  4. Wrap them in a cold wet sheet and continue pouring cold water onto it until their temperature drops. If you can’t find a sheet, then use a wet sponge or fan.

  5. Spray them with cool water from a garden hose.

  6. Once their temperature has dropped to normal levels, replace the wet sheet with a dry sheet until help arrives. 

How To Treat Heatstroke



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